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NEW ASIA COLLEGE

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Service category: Education
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Description

history

New Asia College was founded in 1949 by the late Mr. Qian Mu and a group of scholars from the Mainland in a very difficult and poor environment. Its purpose is to trace the teaching spirit of Songming College and adopt the tutor system of Western European University. With the educational tenet of humanism, we communicate Eastern and Western cultures and seek a future for human peace and social happiness.


The predecessor of New Asia College was the Asian Night School of Arts and Business. The school officially opened on October 10, 1949. At that time, there was no fixed school building. Only the third classroom of South China Middle School in Weiqing Street, Kowloon was rented for night classes. The principal was Mr. Qian Mu. Since there are only three hours of class every night, the courses are all common compulsory subjects. Mr. Ji Youqian's General History of China, Mr. Tang Junyi's Philosophy Introduction, Mr. Zhang Pijie's Economics, Mr. Cui Shuqin's Political Science, etc. In addition to the classroom on Weiqing Street, another floor was rented as a student dormitory on Battery Street nearby. Mr. Qian also lived in this dormitory.



After only half a year of running the Asian Night School of Arts and Business, Mr. Liu Shangyi withdrew and the economy lost support. Fortunately at that time, Mr. Wang Yuefeng’s generosity helped. In March 1950, it was registered as a day school in the Department of Education and renamed as New Asia College. It rented 61 and 63 Guilin Street, Sham Shui Po, Kowloon. The third and fourth floors of No. 65 are school buildings. The third floor is used as an office and dormitory for teachers and students, and the fourth floor is used as a classroom. After the reorganization, Mr. Qian will still be the principal, Mr. Tang Junyi will be the dean, and Mr. Zhang Pijie will be the general secretary. The Academy was born under this poverty. The college initially set up six departments of literature and history, philosophy education, economics, business, journalism and society, and agriculture. After the opening of the Department of Agronomy in the first year, due to the failure to establish an affiliated farm, it was suspended midway. After the Department of Journalism and Social Sciences was opened in the first year, it was closed due to insufficient school buildings. The head of the Department of Literature and History is held by Mr. Qian Mu, the head of the Department of Philosophy and Education is held by Mr. Tang Junyi, the head of the Department of Economics is held by Mr. Zhang Pijie, and the head of the Department of Business is held by Mr. Yang Rumei.


In the early years of New Asia’s professors, there were many prestigious scholars, such as Mr. Wu Junsheng who was the director of the Higher Education Department of the National Government Ministry of Education, and a student of the famous American philosopher and educator John Dewey (1859-1952); teaching economics Mr. Yang Rumei has long been well-known in mainland financial circles. Calligrapher Zeng Keyi, historian Zuo Shunsheng, Oracle expert Dong Zuobin, Chinese scholars Rao Zongyi, Luo Xianglin, etc. have all taught in Xinya. However, the salary received by Professor Xinya was extremely meager, only equal to the salary below the second grade of Hong Kong government primary schools at that time, and he was often not paid. Most of the students are young people in exile from the mainland who cannot pay the tuition fees. In addition to registered students, there are also trial students and auditors. The students are malnourished and become sick. At that time, the college also took care of these students: or reduced tuition fees, or even found a doctor for treatment; the college did not hire workers and established a work-study system. Some students were assigned to take care of school chores, received a small allowance, and were also provided with board and lodging. Many students sleep on the roof of the school. Although the school’s material conditions are extremely poor, the ideals and enthusiasm cherished by the founders are extremely ardent. The Xinya spirit of "hard work, hardship and passion" was also established at that time, and can best be expressed in the teachers and students back then. . In addition to regular courses, the college also holds public cultural lectures every Sunday evening, and every lecture is full. The cultural lectures lasted for four or five years and were held 155 times. In addition to the three founders of Qian, Tang and Zhang, other well-known scholars include Professors Dong Zuobin, Xia Ji'an, Zuo Shunsheng, Lin Yangshan, Rao Zongyi, etc., as well as famous Western scholars to give lectures at the school. As a result, this humble little academy has spread far and wide, and gradually gained esteem from all quarters.


It was the most difficult stage of New Asia's economy from its opening in 1950 to 1953. More than a month after the school started, Mr. Wang Yuefeng’s business was fatally hit, unable to continue to support Xinya, and the source of funding was cut off. At that time, the tuition received by New Asia from students only accounted for 20% of the total expenditure of the college, which was far from enough. As Mr. Zhang Pijie described it, learning "wuxun" requires the spirit of begging to run a school. On the one hand, Principal Qian went to Taiwan to raise donations, and on the other hand, teachers temporarily postpone their salaries and go around. In the winter of 1950, Mr. Qian went to Taipei to raise funds to meet the then President Chiang Kai-shek of the Nationalist Government. Chiang promised to save from the office expenses of the presidential palace and support Xinya 3000 yuan a month. Mr. Zhang Pijie and Mr. Tang Junyi were diligent in writing articles and used the manuscript fees to subsidize the college. Even Mr. Zhang Pijie pawned his wife's jewelry to support New Asia.


On July 7, 1952, the board of directors of Xinya was established, and the barrister Mr. Zhao Bing served as the chairman and legal counsel. In the same year, the Hong Kong government issued a general order that all private schools in Hong Kong and nineteen must go to the Administration of Industry and Commerce to register as a "limited company". At that time, Xinya colleagues expressed their opposition to Xinya's school-running mission for profit. Chairman Zhao Bing sought an exemption from the Hong Kong government. After nearly a year of hard work, he was finally approved by the Hong Kong government to recognize New Asia College as a pure educational enterprise and a non-profit private school.



Since 1952, Xinya's educational ideals have gradually gained sympathy and sponsorship from the society. The most powerful sponsor is the American Yale-China Association. In 1953, the Yale-China Association sent Professor Lu Ding to Hong Kong. He strongly agreed with Xinya's educational ideals, and began to cooperate with Xinya in 1954. In addition to the American Yale-China Association, there are also the Asian Society of America, the Harvard Yenching Institute, the Rockefeller Foundation, the British Council, and the Hong Kong Mengzi Education Foundation. They have all provided funding for the development of New Asia College. After receiving assistance from various parties, New Asia established a research institute in Prince Edward Road, Kowloon in the autumn of 1953 to purchase books. In the following year, a school building was rented on Grampian Road in Kowloon City, and the students were divided into two locations on Grampian Road and Guilin Street. In 1956, the first phase of the school building on Farm Road, which was donated by the Ford Foundation of the United States, was completed. In September, it moved to the new school site and Xinya entered a new stage. The second phase of the school building of New Asia was completed in November 1960. The construction cost was donated by the Yale-China Association. It was only after the completion of the second phase of the school building that the Faculty of Science was expanded; the third phase of the school was completed in April 1963, and the construction costs were funded by the Hong Kong government. Since the school building was completed in this period, Xinya began to have a large auditorium.



In 1959, New Asia accepted the Hong Kong government’s proposal to change to a post-secondary college to take the unified diploma examination and receive subsidies from the Hong Kong government. In 1963, the Chinese University of Hong Kong was established, consisting of Chung Chi College, New Asia College, and United College. New Asia became a member college and moved to the Chinese University of Hong Kong in Ma Liushui, Sha Tin in 1973 until now.



After New Asia College moved to Sha Tin, it still inherits the tradition and holds a number of academic and cultural activities every year, including Mr. Qian Binsi’s academic and cultural lectures, Mr. Yu Yingshi’s history lectures, Xu Rangcheng’s art exchange program, Asia United Financial Visiting Scholar Program, and Gong Xue Mr. Yin visits scholars to promote cultural development. In addition, the earliest publication of New Asia College, "New Asia School Journal", was first published in June 1952 and stopped in May 1958 when the "New Asia Life" biweekly was launched. It was changed to a monthly magazine in 1973. This publication has a history of more than 50 years. It mainly publishes important speeches, articles by teachers and students, school trends, and the life of teachers and students. It can be said to be a mirror of Xinya. In addition, Xinya published 19 issues of "New Asia Academy Academic Yearbook" from 1959 to 1977, and later changed its name to "New Asia Academy Academic Journal" in 1978. There is money Monographs and other monographs of the Bin Si Lecture Series. .
As for the extracurricular activities of students, they are freely organized by the Student Union and its affiliated associations, and subsidized by the New Asia College, such as the New Asia National Music Club (founded in 1963) and the New Asia Guoshu Association (founded in 1979) Wait. The number of students in New Asia has also been increasing, from 42 in 1949 to more than 3,000 at present, which can reflect the development of New Asia College. .

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Contact person: Mr. Liang Yingwei
+85239437609 nac@cuhk.edu.hk
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